MAX706TESA Datasheet Download

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MAX706TESA
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Download Datasheet
Description:
[+3V Voltage Monitoring, Low-Cost uP Supervisory Circuits]
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466 K
Page:
15 Pages
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Manufacturer:
MAXIM [ MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS ]
PCB Prototype
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+3V Voltage Monitoring, Low-Cost µP
Supervisory Circuits
To build an early-warning power-failure circuit, use the
power-fail comparator input (PFI) to monitor the unregu-
lated DC supply voltage (see the
Typical Operating
Circuits).
Connect the PFI to a resistive-divider network
such that the voltage at PFI falls below 1.25V just
before the regulator drops out. Use
PFO
to interrupt the
µP so it can prepare for an orderly power-down.
Regulated and unregulated voltages can be monitored
by simply adjusting the PFI resistive-divider network
values to the appropriate ratio. In addition, the reset
signal can be asserted at voltages other that V
CC
reset
threshold, as shown in Figure 5. Connect
PFO
to
MR
to
initiate a reset pulse when the 12V supply drops below
a user-specified threshold (11V in this example) or
when V
CC
falls below the reset threshold.
MAX706P/R/S/T, MAX706AP/AR/AS/AT, MAX708R/S/T
V
IN
R1
+3V/+3.3V
V
CC
PFI
C1*
R3
MAX706_
MAX708R/S/T
R2
PFO
GND
TO
µP
+3V/+3.3V
PFO
*OPTIONAL
Operation with +3V and +5V Supplies
The MAX706P/R/S/T, the MAX706AP/AR/AS/AT, and the
MAX708R/S/T provide voltage monitoring at the reset
threshold (2.63V to 3.08V) when powered from either
+3V or +5V. These devices are ideal in portable-instru-
ment applications where power can be supplied from
either a +3V battery or an AC-DC wall adapter that gen-
erates +5V (a +5V supply allows a µP or a microcon-
troller to run faster than a +3V supply). With a +3V
supply, these ICs consume less power, but output drive
capability is reduced, the
MR
to
RESET
delay time
increases, and the
MR
minimum pulse width increases.
The
Electrical Characteristics
table provides specifica-
tions for operation with both +3V and +5V supplies.
0V
0V
V
TRIP
= 1.25
(R1 + R2)
R2
V
L
V
TRIP
V
H
V
IN
V
H
= 1.25 (1 + R3 + R2 R1) V
L
= 1.25 + R1 1.25 - V
CC
- 1.25
R2
×
R3
R2
R3
Figure 7. Adding Hysteresis to the Power-Fail Comparator
+3V/+3.3V
R1
V
CC
PFI
PFO
Ensuring a Valid
RESET
Output Down to
V
CC
= 0V
When V
CC
falls below 1V, the MAX706R/S/T,
MAX706AR/AS/AT, and MAX708R/S/T
RESET
output no
longer sinks current; it becomes an open circuit. High-
impedance, CMOS logic inputs can drift to undeter-
mined voltages if left as open circuit. If a pulldown
resistor is added to the
RESET
pin , as shown in Figure
6, any stray charge or leakage current will flow to
ground, holding
RESET
low. Resistor value R is not criti-
cal, but it should not load
RESET
and should be small
enough to pull
RESET
and the input it is driving to
ground. 100kΩ is suggested for R1.
MAX706_
MAX708R/S/T
R2
GND
V-
+3V/+3.3V
PFO
0V
V
TRIP
V
CC
- 1.25 = 1.25 - V
TRIP
R1
R2
NOTE:
V
TRIP
IS NEGATIVE.
V-
0V
Applications Information
Adding Hysteresis to the Power-Fail
Comparator
Hysteresis adds a noise margin to the power-fail com-
parator and prevents repeated triggering of the
PFO
when V
IN
is near the power-fail comparator trip point.
Figure 7 shows how to add hysteresis to the power-fail
comparator. Select the ratio of R1 and R2 such that PFI
Figure 8. Monitoring a Negative Voltage
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