MAX1675EUA Datasheet Download

Part No.:
MAX1675EUA
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Download Datasheet
Description:
[High-Efficiency, Low-Supply-Current, Compact, Step-Up DC-DC Converters]
File Size:
162 K
Page:
12 Pages
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Manufacturer:
MAXIM [ MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS ]
PCB Prototype
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High-Efficiency, Low-Supply-Current,
Compact, Step-Up DC-DC Converters
Detailed Description
The MAX1674/MAX1675/MAX1676 compact, step-up
DC-DC converters start up with voltages as low as 0.9V
and operate with an input voltage down to 0.7V.
Consuming only 16µA of quiescent current, these
devices offer a built-in synchronous rectifier that
reduces cost by eliminating the need for an external
diode and improves overall efficiency by minimizing
losses in the circuit (see
Synchronous Rectification
sec-
tion for details). The internal MOSFET resistance is typi-
cally 0.3Ω, which minimizes losses. The current limit of
the MAX1674 and MAX1675 are 1A and 0.5A, respec-
tively. The MAX1675’s lower current limit allows the use
of a physically smaller inductor in space-sensitive
applications. The MAX1676 features a circuit that elimi-
nates noise due to inductor ringing. In addition, the
MAX1676 offers a selectable current limit (0.5A or 1A)
for design flexibility.
combines the high output power and efficiency of a
pulse-width-modulation (PWM) device with the ultra-low
quiescent current of a traditional PFM (Figure 1). There
is no oscillator; a constant-peak-current limit in the
switch allows the inductor current to vary between this
peak limit and some lesser value. At light loads, the
switching frequency is governed by a pair of one-shots
that set a typical minimum off-time (1µs) and a typical
maximum on-time (4µs). The switching frequency
depends upon the load and the input voltage, and can
range up to 500kHz. The peak current of the internal N-
channel MOSFET power switch is fixed at 1A
(MAX1674), at 0.5A (MAX1675), or is selectable
(MAX1676). Unlike conventional pulse-skipping DC-DC
converters (where ripple amplitude varies with input
voltage), ripple in these devices does not exceed the
product of the switch current limit and the filter-capaci-
tor equivalent series resistance (ESR).
MAX1674/MAX1675/MAX1676
PFM Control Scheme
A unique minimum-off-time, current-limited, pulse-fre-
quency-modulation (PFM) control scheme is a key fea-
ture of the MAX1674/MAX1675/MAX1676. This scheme
Synchronous Rectification
The internal synchronous rectifier eliminates the need
for an external Schottky diode, thus reducing cost and
board space. During the cycle off-time, the P-channel
MOSFET turns on and shunts the MOSFET body diode.
OUT
MINIMUM
OFF-TIME
ONE-SHOT
EN
TRIG
Q
ONE-SHOT
ZERO
CROSSING
AMPLIFIER
P
LX
0.1µF 47µF
V
OUT
SHDN
V
IN
22µH
47µF
CLSEL
(MAX1676)
MAXIMUM
ON-TIME
ONE-SHOT
V
IN
R3
R2
100k
LBO
R4
LBI
V
OUT
TRIG
Q
ONE-SHOT
F/F
S
R
N
Q
GND
MAX1674
MAX1675
MAX1676
CURRENT-LIMIT
AMPLIFIER
BATT
(MAX1676)
DAMPING
SWITCH
FB
R1
200Ω
R5
ERROR
AMPLIFIER
REFERENCE
LOW-BATTERY
COMPARATOR
R6
REF
0.1µF
Figure 1. Simplified Functional Diagram
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